Contact usCareers

10 Jobs You Can Do With a Medicine Degree

Dreaming of a future in medical school? Curious about the diverse career options that lie ahead? In the realm of healthcare, the NHS offers over 350 distinct roles, each contributing to the wellbeing of the public. In the field of medicine, myriad specialisations await, tailored to your interests. To shed light on potential career avenues, we've compiled a list of 10 compelling roles you can pursue after completing medical school. Read on and let your future in medicine come to life.

1. Hospital Doctor:

One of the foremost positions that come to mind when envisioning a career in medicine is that of a hospital doctor. Tasked with examining, diagnosing, and treating patients referred to the hospital, their role is multifaceted. From working on wards to outpatient clinics, hospital doctors apply their medical expertise to diagnose, prevent, and manage various illnesses. Training offers opportunities to specialise in areas such as cardiology, emergency medicine, general medicine, and more.

Responsibilities of a hospital doctor encompass diverse tasks, tailored to their chosen speciality. This includes assessments, procedural tasks, administrative duties, collaboration with healthcare teams, team management, auditing, and research.

2. Anaesthetist:

In the realm of hospitals, anaesthetists play a pivotal role, providing anaesthetic and pain management for a range of medical procedures. Their involvement spans from pre-operative assessments to postoperative care, ensuring patients' comfort throughout. Monitoring vital signs and responding swiftly in emergencies are essential duties. Anaesthetists liaise with various healthcare professionals to ensure seamless patient care.

Roles include assessments, preparation of patients, vigilant monitoring during anaesthesia, administering postoperative relief, collaboration with medical teams, and meticulous record-keeping.

3. Surgeon:

Surgeons, highly specialised doctors, perform surgical procedures to address diseases or injuries. While the journey to becoming a surgeon demands dedication and rigorous training, the rewards are immense. Specialisations vary widely, including cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, oral, paediatric, plastic, and more. Surgeons make a profound impact, often intervening when patients are most vulnerable.

A surgeon's responsibilities hinge on their area of expertise, but typically encompass assessments, pre-operative care, surgery, coordination with healthcare professionals, ward rounds, referrals, and research.

4. General Practice Doctor (GP):

General Practice Doctors (GPs) serve as the initial point of contact for patients seeking medical advice or treatment. They offer continuous care within communities, often attending to patients in various settings. Taking a holistic approach, GPs consider physical, emotional, and social factors in treatment decisions.

Responsibilities include addressing medical concerns, referrals to specialised care, conducting specialist clinics, administering immunisations, managing administrative tasks, staying updated on medical advancements, and providing pastoral care.

5. Neurologist:

Neurologists specialise in diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems. This complex field encompasses disorders like strokes, dementia, Parkinson's, epilepsy, and more. Collaborating within multidisciplinary teams, neurologists ensure comprehensive patient care.

Duties involve diagnosing intricate neurological issues, managing outpatient clinics, treating acute conditions, conducting ward rounds, contributing to research, training, and liaising with healthcare professionals.

6. Pathologist:

Pathologists analyse and diagnose diseases based on cellular and tissue changes. They play a crucial role in treatment and prevention planning, working in areas like chemical, haematology, histopathology, and virology/microbiology.

Responsibilities range from patient examination and biomedical support to advising and interpreting test results, delivering clinical care, training and managing staff, and contributing to research.

7. Ophthalmologist:

Ophthalmologists specialise in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases of the eyes and visual systems. From cataracts to glaucoma, they address various conditions, often performing surgeries and managing outpatient clinics.

Duties include assessments, eye surgeries, outpatient clinic management, condition management, equipment operation, occasional ward rounds, patient education, and handling legal documentation for the visually impaired.

8. Higher Education Tutor:

For those transitioning away from clinical practice, higher education tutoring offers a way to share medical expertise with students. Teaching encompasses lectures, seminars, tutorials, and practical demonstrations. Tutors may also supervise research groups and engage in their own research.

Roles include course preparation, delivery, assessment, research supervision, pastoral care, administrative tasks, and ongoing training.

9. Psychiatrist:

Psychiatrists focus on improving the lives of individuals with mental illnesses. They combine scientific knowledge with interpersonal skills to diagnose and treat severe disorders, ranging from dementia to schizophrenia.

Responsibilities include patient assessments, treatment and management, administration, prescribing medication, collaboration with healthcare teams, training, and research.

10. Cardiologist:

Cardiologists diagnose, assess, and treat patients with cardiovascular conditions. This encompasses diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and specialties like general adult, child and adolescent, geriatric, forensic, and intellectual disability psychiatry.

Tasks include patient assessments, treatment planning, support, outpatient clinics, record-keeping, collaboration with healthcare staff, and contributing to ongoing research.


These diverse roles within the field of medicine offer a glimpse into the vast possibilities awaiting aspiring medical professionals. Whether your passion lies in surgery, patient care, or research, the journey in medicine holds promise and purpose. Embrace the opportunities and embark on a fulfilling career path in healthcare.

Apply now to study with Oxford Summer Courses in 2024

Embark on an enriching academic journey with Oxford Summer Courses! While we don't currently offer English-specific courses, our diverse range of subjects promises an exceptional learning experience. Choose from a selection of captivating subjects and immerse yourself in world-class education. Don't miss out on this opportunity to expand your knowledge and explore new horizons. Apply now to study with Oxford Summer Courses!

Share this article


The NHS offers over 350 healthcare roles. After medical school, you can pursue careers like hospital doctor, anaesthetist, surgeon, GP, neurologist, pathologist, and more. Each role has unique responsibilities in providing care and treatment for patients.

Get Our Newsletter

We deliver helpful tips, tutorials and thought-provoking articles to inform and inspire your professional development.

Our privacy policy states Oxford Summer Courses will use this information to contact you.

Oxford Summer Courses LTD

18 Beaumont Street, Oxford, OX1 2NA, United Kingdom

+44 01865 818403

B Corp Logo

Juniors 9-12

Apply Now
Sign up to our newsletter

Oxford Summer Courses is an organisation which contracts with the colleges of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and London for the use of facilities, but which has no formal connection with the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and London.
Oxford Summer Courses © 2024
Oxford Summer Courses is a company registered in England and Wales with company number 08011543